When looking at online IQ tests, it quickly becomes clear that each IQ test has a specific set of question types which form the foundation on which the IQ test scores are calculated. One of the key IQ test question categories is the analogy type question, in which IQ test sitters are asked to correctly determine the relationship between constructs, objects, or ideas.
Because this comes under the category of a verbal reasoning or linguistic logic question, you won’t find analogy type questions in international IQ tests or ‘culture fair’ IQ tests – they depend too much on language and knowledge of linguistics to be included in such IQ test types.
What is the Analogy Type IQ Test Question?
In the analogy type question, you’ll be presented with a sentence featuring a missing word. This will most usually be a sentence outlining how one thing relates to another, and the IQ test sitter must decide on the word which best completes the sentence. For example:
Buffalo is to cow as …. is to pig
In this example, the correct answer is B – boar. The correspondence: both boar and buffalo are the wild species of pigs and cows, respectively.
What is the Format of the Analogy Question Type?
Analogy questions in certified IQ tests always have the format A is to B as C is to D. Should you wish to come up with an analogy of your own, then the relationship between C and D should always be identical to the relationship between A and B.
In making analogy questions for IQ tests, it can sometimes be a little difficult to come up with wrong answers which aren’t too easy to spot or obvious. They should be incorrect, but should also have a tenuous connection to the correct answer. For example, in the question listed above, all of the wrong answers are other animals. Were some of the wrong answers inanimate objects, such as ‘house’ or abstract concepts like colours or emotions, it would be too easy to see that these have no connection whatsoever with the analogy in the question.