As far as contemporary science can tell, there is – as yet – no identifiable correlation between high giftedness (that is, having an IQ test score of over 130) and personality type. Despite this, there are many people who believe that a number of highly specific and recognisable personality traits are evident in more highly intelligent, gifted, and so-called ‘genius’ individuals.
The typical personality structure of a genius, or a highly gifted individual, is usually characterised by the following traits:
- Rapid understanding
- Both quick to think and quick to learn
- Fast-speaking and fluent speech
- High levels of curiosity, and driven to solve problems
- Perfectionism and a fear of failure
- Highly creative, yet stubborn and with authority issues
- Sensitive to a range of stimuli in both a positive and negative sense
Many of these unique traits can indeed be traced back to certain characteristics shared by those who achieve high IQ test scores, yet many of them have no identifiable correlation whatsoever. You don’t have to look far, for example, to find extremely intelligent mathematicians or logicians who lack creativity, or who have no problem with authority. Likewise, being ‘sensitive to a range of stimuli’ could also be seen to be both too broad and too specific to pin to a unique group of gifted individuals.
High IQ Test Scores and Making the Most of Giftedness
There’s no doubt about the fact that those with the above personality traits, and those capable of achieving very high IQ test scores, would be capable of achieving incredible results in their chosen field. However, there is also no doubt about the fact that the majority of highly gifted individuals will struggle to succeed, both due to and in spite of their IQ test excellence.
Among the many issues which hinder development and hold back gifted people from succeeding include:
- Fear of underperformance
- Higher likelihood of suffering from depression
- Communication issues
- Loneliness and introversion
Indeed, highly gifted people often need a lot of support in both their professional and private lives, as from a young age they typically struggle to fit in and find the cognitive stimulation they need. Some factors which can help gifted individuals to reach their full potential include:
- Guidance when it comes to finding the right job to suit their skills and intellect
- Workplace-based freedom to explore their creativity and come up with their own solutions
- Being taken seriously by both their education setting, their family, and their cultural background
- Access to the materials they need to realise their potential